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Public Speeches

everything happens for a reason

There are unpleasant or, on the contrary, the happiest days in life when you want to cry or jump with happiness. Our mood is influenced by ourselves or the people around us.


For example, I am very dependent on people, I do not like to be alone. The actions of others greatly influence me.


In my life there were many people who came and went, this is absolutely normal.
I recently came to the conscious conclusion that everything happens for a reason. People come, leave a mark, maybe give some kind of lesson, help to develop, or quite the opposite. Sometimes they even push me to take new steps.

And this any situation gives us a valuable lesson that may be useful in the future. I think all situations that happen in life should be accepted, analyzed and immediately released, for your own good.

Have: auxiliary or main verb

  1.  She’s na only child. —She hasn’t got any siblings.
  2. We used to pay someone to take a family photograph every year .-We used to have someone who take the family photograph every year.
  3. Buying car insurance is obligatory for all drivers.-All drivers have to buy car insurance .
  4. He last saw his father in 2009. -He has seen his father in 2009
  5. He lacks the right qualifications for this job. —He haven’t got right qualifications for this job.
  6. It’s not necessary for us to do it now. We can do it later.-We can have done this later
  7. The sea water was amazingly clear and warm — we swam ever morning. -The sea water was amazingly clear and warm — we have swum ever morning
  8. When did you start to get on badly? -How long have yo been getting on badly?
  9. I need someone to fix the central heating. I think the termostat is broken. -I need someone to have central heating fixed. I think the termostat is broken. 

Choose the right word

Olivia

I never took Olivia to the theatre, but it was there I met her. I formed the habit now of going every Saturday night, usually alone, sometimes with George. It was George who introduced me to Olivia Nelson. She was an only child whose father, a cotton merchant, had died and left her all he had. She was not very beautiful but she was tall, very graceful, smartly dressed and attracted me at once. Olivia got interested when George said that I was a novelist. Novelists were not too common in Cornwell then, though I believe they are now as numerous as knights. Olivia adored famous people. She was delighted to meet me. It turned out that Olivia had read my books, at least some of them and she liked them. She could tell intelligently about them. She praised them and criticized them with a good deal of common sense. She discussed new plays and new books with me. She developed a habit of being wherever I was to be found. We had a few meals together at restaurants, and I discovered that I was dressing with unusual care.She was so excited and happy, so full of good conversation, that I was charmed and captivated by her company. But I couldn’t help thinking that something was wrong. There was no  reason to think the worst. However, I couldn’t make myself propose to her.

Read and match

1. Just Do It!

2. Just What the Doctor Ordered

3. Dangerous Consequences

4. Source of the Problem

5. Take It Easy!

6. Hard to Guess the Meaning

7. The Devil Is Not So Black As He is Painted

8. A Hidden Problem

A. You can often find articles and books addressing the problem of procrastination. If you don’t know this word, you might think it was a terrible disease. In reality, procrastination can be defined as a bad habit of doing something less important in order to avoid doing something more important. People procrastinate in many different areas, but we will focus on procrastinating at school, where it is a frequent problem.

B. Procrastination at school can lead to poor grades, low test scores, and finally not getting into a good university. Another negative result of procrastination is the stress of waiting to the last minute to do something. This can lead to staying up all night to prepare for a test. Also, the constant stress of having something hanging over your head, being scolded and criticized by teachers and parents can lead to feelings of guilt and worthlessness.

C. Usually it is very obvious when somebody is procrastinating, for example, playing video games instead of doing homework. Sometimes, however, it can be less obvious. Sharpening your pencils and cleaning your desk may fool some people into thinking you are working hard, but can also be forms of procrastination. Some pupils are even able to fool themselves into thinking they are working, when they are just trying to avoid real work.

D. It is not always clear why people procrastinate. Some are just lazy or don’t have enough willpower, but there may be other reasons, perfectionism for one. Some people are afraid that they will be judged by others as failures if their work is less than perfect. For example, a pupil may fear the judgment of parents and teachers on a school report. According to psychologists, this fear of failure may be a cause of procrastination.

E. Although it is difficult, there are ways to stop procrastinating. One way of doing it is to find out why you are procrastinating and deal with those problems. If you are a perfectionist, try to do the task quickly and not worry about it being perfect. Another solution, especially when the task seems too big, is to break it into smaller steps and do those one by one. This may lessen the desire to procrastinate.

F. Still, procrastinating can be a good thing. For those who spend much more time working on a project than is necessary, waiting until the last minute can be a more economical use of time. Also, some people while procrastinating do things that are creative or useful in other ways. Finally, a certain amount of procrastination is part of human nature. Feeling guilty about it can be worse and more damaging than the procrastination itself.

G. Procrastination is also a popular subject of laughter in films and TV shows and there are many coffee mugs, cartoons, and notebooks covered with jokes about it. Though many people consider it a serious psychological problem and even view it as a kind of disease, others laugh about it and are even proud to be procrastinators

A−6,B−3,C-8,D−4,E−1,F−7,G−5

Listen and match

1. Clear instructions at work are very important.

2. Personal discussions in the office can distract from work.

3. It is important to think about gender differences in office work.

4. Employees’ health must be the top priority for office managers.

5. Positive atmosphere is important at work.

6. Effective communication is important for both employers and employees.

7. Team spirit is a key to success both for the office and its employees.

Speaker A. I think there is too much competition at work nowadays. Everybody is longing for promotion and often trying to move on to a better position in another company. On the contrary, teamwork aims at a company’s accomplishments. When employees understand they can get ahead with their own company, they cooperate with colleagues and work more effectively to get better common and personal results.

Speaker В. It’s very important to understand people around you. If you are a manager, you’d better take time and listen to your colleagues, employees, face to face, if possible. Pay attention to non-verbal ways of communication, as appropriate gestures and eye contact can do more than even words of praise or criticism. The same piece of advice goes to employees. Explain to your management your decisions in detail and you‘ll get a reputation as a well-balanced person and better career prospects.

Speaker С. I think it is difficult for men and women to work in the same space. Women are more creative and emotional whereas men are more logical and better organized. Women want to feel, men want to think. Any department, if it considers these differences, will be much better off with men and women working separately, without distracting each other, causing conflicts and misunderstandings.

Speaker D. What I dislike about some offices is that there is too much gossip there. It does not depend on who dominates there — men or women. Actually, men are sometimes even worse! It gets on my nerves when people begin to discuss their manager, the latest teambuilding activity or their domestic affairs. It distracts me and is simply unpleasant. To create some personal space and work effectively, I listen to music instead.

Speaker E. I think there should be a law for people not to go to work if they are ill or upset. To work effectively is simply impossible if someone is coughing or wants to scream at you instead of listening to your requests or suggestions. Any manager must ensure that the office environment is calm and appropriate for work. To introduce some relaxation techniques might be a good idea as well.

Speaker F. What is important in any office is that you get a clear explanation of what exactly to do from your management. There should not be any room for confusion or misinterpretation. If instructions can be understood as suggestions, there will not be any result. Instructions in the written form are simply perfect. If you are provided with details of a desirable result, this will be a key to completing the task successfully, I think.

A−7,B−6,C−3,D−2,E−5,F−1

Who are they?

a)1-My company
2-well being
3-giving something back
4-personal growth
5-leadership
6-my manager
7-my team
8-fair deal

b)A good staff-well being
personal growth
fair deal

Phrasal verbs and idioms

1 Look down on-think they are better than sb/sth
2break my heart-makes me very upset
3keep up with-move o make progress at the same rate as sb/sth
4deep my head in-makes me annoyed
5gets wearing-becomes exhausting
6life for death-vitally important
7build up -get bigger
8go blank-cant think what to do or say

Assignments for 30.09.2020

Destination B2

A

  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 2
  4. 2
  5. 1
  6. 1
  7. 2
  8. 1-1
  9. 1
  10. 1

B

  1. My dad often gets up…
  2. Do you speak
  3. I have already bought
  4. i’ve ever had
  5. works
  6. has never eaten
  7. has already booked
  8. does Melany need

    C
  1. I have ever eaten
  2. has not seen
  3. have gone
  4. has been writing
  5. have you ever met
  6. have been tring
  7. have not finished
  8. have you already decided
  9. have been living
  10. have never heard

D

  1. ever
  2. yet
  3. since
  4. for
  5. so
  6. rarely
  7. just
  8. still
  9. before
  10. already

E

  1. B
  2. C
  3. C
  4. D
  5. A
  6. C
  7. A
  8. B
  9. A
  10. A

F

  1. knows
  2. is
  3. look
  4. see
  5. know
  6. include
  7. disagree
  8. seems
  9. do

Music,as a way of uniting

Do you agree with this option?
Some people say that music is a good way of bringing people of different cultures and ages together.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

Music. If you look on the internet, you’ll find this-Music is an art form, and cultural activity, whose medium is sound.
Everybody has different musical tastes.
Somebody prefers to listen soft and silent music,or somebody likes loud and active.


Music genres are for example classical,jazz,hip-hop,electronic, rock, disco etc… all types of music have similarities with each other, even the slightest, but there are. And everyone finds and sees his own.


Music combines. Every nationality has its own type. Somewhere there’s a similarity.Music helps me relax,sometimes inspires.that is, everyone feels and accepts and understands music in their own way. Some of these feelings coincide, and some do not.


I  have heard a lot of people saying that they listen to music all the time, For example, while doing everyday chores, going to work or school. And I’m one of them. I don’t like silence, it even scares me sometimes.


I agree with all statements about music,  it really unites everyone. I think music is more than just art

Graffiti

What is a graffiti ? Here is the meaning of this word from internet.

Graffiti  is writing or drawings made on a wall or other surface, usually without permission and within public view. Graffiti ranges from simple written words to elaborate wall paintings, and has existed since ancient times, with examples dating back to ancient Egypt, ancient Greece, and the Roman Empire.

In modern times, spray paint and marker pens have become commonly used graffiti materials, and there are many different types and styles of graffiti; it is a rapidly developing art form.

Graffiti in New York City 

Street art was born in NYC during the 1970s, a time when the city was bankrupt and wracked by crime. Almost as a response to the chaos, young kids from the Bronx and Brooklyn began bombing subway cars and buildings with graffiti tags. It was an illegal and sometimes dangerous activity, but it created an art form that would spread around the world, and find its way into NYC galleries and museums in NYC.

Graffiti in New York City has had a substantial role in the rise of property crimes at the local, national, and international scale. Originating in the New York City Subway and spreading beyond it, graffiti is among the most common forms of vandalism committed today.

The Audubon Mural Project

Since the days when President Ford told New York to drop dead while the Bronx and Alphabet City were burning, Manhattan has become a haven for billionaire financiers and foreign oligarchs whose real estate investments have jacked up rents to the point of making the five boroughs unlivable for anyone who isn’t rich, or willing to spend their entire income on an apartment. Still, street art thrives, ironically as a sanctioned activity sponsored by business owners, community groups and even developers. But don’t worry: It’s still imbued with the same panache and attitude that made it so compelling back in the day—as you’ll see by checking out our list of the top spots to see graffiti in NYC.

Graffiti in London

Over the years, graffiti in London has taken on the posher, more acceptable name of Street Art, in order to hide its illegal roots. But we like to keep it real here at Movebubble, which means calling the fantastic drawings and writing by these great artists by the original name: graffiti.

London's famous graffiti tunnel to become a focal point of a ...

In London, art is all around you. This is particularly true in the streets of East London’s trendsetting Shoreditch, which are emblazoned with creative street art all year round.